Health and Wellness Careers

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Career Details

Nurse Practitioner

Education Requirements
Master's degree

Average Salary

A nurse practitioner (NP) provides primary and specialty healthcare. Like a physician, he or she assesses and diagnoses patients, orders laboratory tests, prescribes medications, and manages health conditions. NPs also educate their patients on how to make healthy lifestyle choices.

Dental Hygienist

Education Requirements
Associate's degree and state licensure

Average Salary

Dental hygienists provide preventative oral care to patients, like teeth cleanings. They use instruments in their work. Dental hygienists also educate patients on oral health care techniques and look for signs of oral diseases. They almost always work under the supervision of a dentist. Education requirements typically include an associate’s degree in dental hygiene and state licensure.


Education Requirements
Postsecondary nondegree program and certification

Average Salary

Phlebotomists draw blood from patients to be used in tests, blood donations, or research. They follow sanitary procedures to keep patients, and themselves, clean and safe from blood-borne pathogens. Phlebotomists can work in a variety of environments, including hospitals, doctors’ offices, laboratories, and blood donation centers. A postsecondary nondegree award from a phlebotomy program is typically required to enter the field.


Education Requirements
M.D. or D.O. and licensure

Average Salary

Physicians, also called doctors, diagnose and treat illnesses, injuries, and chronic conditions. Physicians can specialize in a certain bodily system or function, such as cardiology (the heart and circulatory system) or nephrology (the kidneys and renal system). They can also choose to work with certain populations, like pediatricians, who treat children. Physicians work in hospitals, doctors’ offices, or surgery centers. They may also conduct research or work for the government or military. Becoming a physician requires considerable training and preparation, and involves several years of post-secondary education.

Genetic Counselor

Education Requirements
Master's degree and board certification

Average Salary

Genetic counselors provide information to an individual or family member about risks for a variety of inherited conditions. They conduct in-depth interviews and take comprehensive medical histories of individuals to assess the risk for genetic disorders and birth defects. Genetic counselors can use DNA testing results to identify risk for inherited conditions. They also work with other health care providers to provide information about these conditions.