Health and Wellness

This field focuses on researching and providing health care to human populations. While the underlying principles of other areas of science are used in this field, health science concentrates solely on health problems and outcomes. Whether you're interested in medicine, nutrition, or public health, this field can provide a pathway to a career making a difference in the health, and lives, of others.

What is Health Science?

Health science is a broad field that focuses on health care and health outcomes.

 

Any individual you see to treat or manage an illness or disease is most likely in the health science field. This includes physicians, dentists, pharmacists, nurses, and optometrists, to name a few. But the field also includes paramedics, genetic counselors, home health aids, athletic trainers, dietitians, speech-language pathologists, and more. Some of these careers or fields require specialized training with or without a college degree.

 

Many of these careers include an interest in educating the public, whether it involves counseling an individual patient or launching public health campaigns. If you’re interested in the body or health care, there is a career in health science for you.

Careers

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Genetics

Genetic Counselor

Education Requirements
Master's degree and board certification

Average Salary
$82k


Genetic counselors provide information to an individual or family member about risks for a variety of inherited conditions. They conduct in-depth interviews and take comprehensive medical histories of individuals to assess the risk for genetic disorders and birth defects. Genetic counselors can use DNA testing results to identify risk for inherited conditions. They also work with other health care providers to provide information about these conditions.

Cytogenetic Technologist

Education Requirements
Bachelor's Degree

Average Salary
$56k


Cytogenetic technologists are laboratory specialists who study normal and abnormal chromosomes in cells, and their relationship to disease and human development. These include birth defects, fertility problems, and blood disorders.

Physician

Physician

Education Requirements
M.D. or D.O. and licensure

Average Salary
$208k


Physicians, also called doctors, diagnose and treat illnesses, injuries, and chronic conditions. Physicians can specialize in a certain bodily system or function, such as cardiology (the heart and circulatory system) or nephrology (the kidneys and renal system). They can also choose to work with certain populations, like pediatricians, who treat children. Physicians work in hospitals, doctors' offices, or surgery centers. They may also conduct research or work for the government or military. Becoming a physician requires considerable training and preparation, and involves several years of post-secondary education.

Physician Assistant

Education Requirements
Master's Degree

Average Salary
$122k


Physician assistants work in all areas of medicine. Physician assistants, also known as PAs, practice medicine on teams with physicians, surgeons, and other healthcare workers. They examine, diagnose, and treat patients.

Ophthalmologist

Education Requirements
M.D.

Average Salary
$280K


An ophthalmologist is a medical or osteopathic doctor who specializes in eye and vision care. Ophthalmologists differ from optometrists and opticians in their levels of training and in what they can diagnose and treat.

Anesthesiologist

Education Requirements
M.D.

Average Salary
$118K


Anesthesiologist are physicians specializing in perioperative care, developing anesthetic plans, and the administration of anesthetics.

Surgeon

Education Requirements
Doctoral

Average Salary
$208k


A surgeon is a doctor who specializes in evaluating and treating conditions that may require surgery or physically changing the human body.

Podiatrist

Education Requirements
M.D.

Average Salary
$146k


A podiatrist is a medical professional devoted to the treatment of disorders of the foot, ankle, and related structure of the leg.

Otolaryngologists

Education Requirements
Medical School

Average Salary
$202k


An ear, nose, and throat doctor specializes in everything having to do with those parts of the body. They're also called otolaryngologists

Phlebotomy

Phlebotomist

Education Requirements
Postsecondary nondegree program and certification

Average Salary
$35k


Phlebotomists draw blood from patients to be used in tests, blood donations, or research. They follow sanitary procedures to keep patients, and themselves, clean and safe from blood-borne pathogens. Phlebotomists can work in a variety of environments, including hospitals, doctors' offices, laboratories, and blood donation centers. A postsecondary nondegree award from a phlebotomy program is typically required to enter the field.

Physical Therapy

Physical Therapist

Education Requirements
Doctorate degree

Average Salary
$91K


Physical therapist evaluate and record a patient's progress. They help injured or ill people improve movement and manage pain. they are often an important part of preventive care, rehabilitation, and treatment for patients with chronic conditions, illnesses, or injuries. While there are no specific undergraduate majors required, many physical therapists get their start with a degree in biology, physics, psychology, healthcare, chemistry, kinesiology, or exercise science.

Physical Therapist Assistant

Education Requirements
Associates Degree

Average Salary
$49k


Under the supervision of physical therapists, physical therapist assistants treat patients through exercise, massage, gait and balance training, and other therapeutic interventions.

Occupational Therapy

Occupational Therapist

Education Requirements
Master's Degree

Average Salary
$86k


They are licensed health care professionals who help people find ways to do daily activities that they need or want to do.

Occupational Therapy Assistant

Education Requirements
Associate's degree

Average Salary
$62k


Occupational Therapy Assistant typically help patients do therapeutic activities, such as stretches and other exercises.

Pharmaceutical

Pharmacist

Education Requirements
Doctoral

Average Salary
$129k


Pharmacist are healthcare professionals who specialize in the right way to use, store, preserve, and provide medicine.

Pharmacy Technician

Education Requirements
High School Diploma

Average Salary
437k


Pharmacy technicians help pharmacists dispense prescription medication to customers or health professionals.

Pharmaceutical Sales Representative

Education Requirements
Bachelor's Degree

Average Salary
$77k


A pharmaceutical sales representative is someone who is employed by a pharmaceutical manufacturer and distributors to inform and educate physicians about their products.

Nursing

Registered Nurse

Education Requirements
Bachelor's Degree

Average Salary
$77k


Registered nurses (RNs) evaluate patients’ health, provide and coordinate patient care, and educate patients about health conditions.

Practical Nurse

Education Requirements
High School Diploma or Equivalent

Average Salary
&48k


Licensed practical (LPN) and licensed vocational (LVN) nurses give patients basic care and monitor and record their health, such as by checking their vital signs. They may be supervised by a registered nurse.

Advanced Practice Nurse

Education Requirements
Master's Degree

Average Salary
$100k


An APRN is a registered nurse (RN) with a master's or doctoral degree and national board certification to qualify for licensure. Advanced Practice Registered Nurses apply advanced nursing principals in the provision of patient care services to specific patient populations.

Certified Nursing Assistant

Education Requirements
Completion of State-Approved Program

Average Salary
$30k


Certified nursing assistants (CNA) provide basic care and help patients with activities of daily living.

Medical Laboratory

Medical Laboratory Assistant

Education Requirements
High School Diploma or equivalent

Average Salary
$30k


Medical lab assistants are responsible for collecting and receiving blood, tissue, and other samples from patients, logging and prepping, performing routine tests, and setting up, cleaning, and sterilizing the lab and its equipment.

Dental

Dentist

Education Requirements
Doctoral

Average Salary
$163k


Dentist are doctors who specialize in oral health.

Dental Hygienist

Education Requirements
Associate Degree

Average Salary
$78k


A dental hygienist cleans your teeth and helps you prevent diseases.

Orthodontist

Education Requirements
Dental Degree

Average Salary
$288k


An orthodontist is a dentist trained to diagnose, prevent, and treat teeth and jaw irregularities.

Periodontist

Education Requirements
Dental Degree

Average Salary
$258k


A periodontist id a dentist who specializes in the prevention, diagnosis, and treatment of periodontal disease and in the placement of dental implants.

Oral and Maxillofacial Surgeon

Education Requirements
Masters in Dental

Average Salary
$283,000


Consultants in oral and maxillofacial surgery diagnose and treat patients with diseases affecting the mouth, jaws, face and neck.

Psychology

Mental Health Counselor

Education Requirements
Master's Degree

Average Salary
$49k


A mental health counselor is a person who works with individuals and groups to promote optimum mental and emotional health.

Psychiatrist

Education Requirements
Medical Degree

Average Salary
$226k


A psychiatrist is a medical doctor who specializes in mental health.

Case Manager

Education Requirements
Bachelor's Degree

Average Salary
$83k


Case managers specialize in assisting individuals with the care they need to deal with mental health issues.

Psychiatric Technician

Education Requirements
Bachelor's Degree

Average Salary
$115k


A psychiatric technician care for people who have mental illness and development disabilities.

Community Health & Human Services

Human Service Workers

Education Requirements
Master's Degree

Average Salary
$31k


Human service workers help people who are struggling with many types of addition, such as to alcohol and gambling.

Respiratory Therapy

Registered Respiratory Therapist

Education Requirements
Associate Degree

Average Salary
$62k


Respiratory therapists interview and examine patients with breathing or cardiopulmonary disorders.

Radiography

Radiologist

Education Requirements
Medical School

Average Salary
$410k


Radiologist are medical doctors that specialize in diagnosing and treating injuries and diseases using medical imaging procedures such as x-rays, computed tomography, magnetic resonance imaging, nuclear medicine, positron emission tomography and ultrasound.

Radiologic Technologist

Education Requirements
Associate's Degree

Average Salary
$62k


A radiologic technologist is typically supervised by a radiologist and supports the doctor and other members of the healthcare team by performing the diagnostic imaging procedures.

Radiology Nurse

Education Requirements
Associate's Degree

Average Salary
$97k


Radiology nurse certification is awarded to nurses who demonstrate mastery of basic and advanced knowledge related to radiation safety, patient care, medical imaging and specialty-specific procedures.

Medical Imaging and Medical 3-D Printing Specialist

Education Requirements
Associate's Degree

Average Salary
$64k


Medical imaging technicians are responsible for gathering images through X-rays, ultrasounds and other equipment.

Sonographer

Education Requirements
Associate's Degree

Average Salary
$61k


A sonographer is a healthcare professional who specializes in the use of ultrasonic imaging devices to produce diagnostic images, scans, videos or three- dimensional volumes of anatomy and diagnostic data.

Paramedicine

Emergency Medical Technician (EMT)

Education Requirements
Post Secondary Nondegree Award

Average Salary
$37k


An EMT is a health professional that provides emergency medical services.

Paramedic

Education Requirements
Paramedic training course

Average Salary
$37k


The Paramedic is an allied health professional whose primary focus is to provide advanced emergency medical care for critical and emergent patients who access the emergency medical system.

Emergency Room Technician (ERT)

Education Requirements
High School Diploma and Training Program

Average Salary
$35k


Emergency Room Technician are healthcare professionals that assist doctors and nurses in the ER. They are responsible for general medical duties such as assessing patients' needs, monitoring their health under the supervision of the staff nurse and compelling patient reports.

Medical Equipment Repairer

Education Requirements
Associate's Degree

Average Salary
$50k


Medical Equipment Repairer install, maintain, and repair patient care equipment duties.

Health Information Management

Patient Information Coordinator

Education Requirements
Bachelor's Degree

Average Salary
$83k


Patient Information Coordinators maintain patient information, including test results, examination and symptoms notes, and medical history.

Chief Privacy Officer

Education Requirements
Bachelor's Degree

Average Salary
$229k


A chief privacy officer is a corporate executive charged with developing and implementing policies designed to protect employee and customer data from unauthorized access.

Career salary data provided by: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics Occupational Outlook handbook and O*NET OnLine.

If health science is not your thing, there are other areas of science!

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