Agriculture science involves feeding the world. This field has been around since the beginning of civilization, but progress and discoveries around cultivating food and textiles are occurring today. If you're interested in plants, crop production, or livestock, consider agricultural science.

What is Agriculture?

Agricultural science is at the forefront of solving some of the biggest challenges in the world today: How can we produce enough food to feed a growing global population while preserving natural resources? Ag science draws on other areas of science (and STEM) to develop an understanding of agriculture through research and development.


Some of the sub-areas of this field include horticulture, entomology, soil science, food production, and agricultural biotechnology. Many careers fall under the umbrella of agricultural science, including farmers, ranchers, producers, arborists, agronomists, and more.

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Example Careers

Food Scientist

Education Requirements
Bachelor's degree

Average Salary

Food scientists work to make food safer and last longer. They can analyze food to determine its nutritional content, and may be experts on the best ways to preserve, store, package and transport food to consumers. Food scientists need knowledge of chemistry, biology and other areas of science. They may also research new methods of production or sources of food.


Education Requirements
High school diploma or equivalent

Average Salary

Farmers plan and manage the production of food or other commodities. Farming can be very different depending on what part of the world you are in. Farmers produce a wide variety of products, including row crops, fruits and vegetables, meat, dairy, and textiles. In addition to overseeing the cultivating and harvesting processes, farmers also tend to be involved in the financial and business side of an operation.

Career salary data provided by: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics Occupational Outlook handbook and O*NET OnLine.

If agriculture is not your thing, there are other areas of science!

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