Engineering

Engineering draws on all of the STEM fields and activities. It's the act of solving problems and creates innovative devices, structures, and software applications.

There are many types of engineering, but usually only one type is used at a time. Different areas of engineering include: Aerospace engineering, astronomy, biochemistry, biology, chemical engineering, chemistry, civil engineering, and computer science.

Civil

An engineering discipline that deals with the design, construction, and maintenance of the physical and naturally built environment, including public works such as roads, bridges, dams, airports, sewerage systems, pipelines, and railways.

Related areas: Electrical Engineering, Architect, Industrial Designer, and Interior Designer

Sample Careers: Construction Engineering Manager, Geotechnical Engineer

STEM Outlook: There are strong science, math, and engineering components to this profession. Individuals in this field need to have strong problem solving skills.

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Electric

This engineering discipline concerned with the study, design and application of equipment, devices and systems which use electricity, electronics, and electromagnetism.

Related areas: Civic Engineer, Architect, Industrial Designer, and Interior Designer

Sample Careers: Aerospace Engineer, Design Engineer

STEM Outlook: There are strong math, science, and engineering components to this profession. Individuals in this field need to have strong problem solving skills.

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Environmental

Creates solutions that will protect and also improve the health of living organisms and improve the quality of the environment.

Related areas: Mechanical Engineer, Engineering Physicist, Industrial Engineer, Computer Engineer, and Engineering Scientist

Sample Careers: Mechanical Engineer, Environmental Chemist

STEM Outlook: Environmental engineers study the effect of technological advances on the environment, addressing local and worldwide environmental issues. They are key problem solvers.

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Mechanical

This is one of the most wide scope engineering fields. Designs include power-producing machines, such as electric generators, internal combustion engines, and steam and gas turbines, as well as power-using machines, such as refrigeration and air-conditioning systems.

Related areas: Environmental Engineer, Industrial Engineer, Computer Engineer, Coding Specialist, Robotics, Software Application Developer, and Computer Systems Engineer

Sample Careers: Aerospace Engineer, Control and Instrumentation Engineer

STEM Outlook: There are strong math and engineering components to this profession. Individuals in this field have to have strong problem solving skills. They build new motors and engines, and design power-producing machines.

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Computer

Computer engineers design and develop technological devices and computer systems. The field is integrated with electronic engineering with computer sciences.

Related areas: Environmental Engineer, Industrial Engineer, Computer Engineer, Coding Specialist, Mechanical Engineer, Robotics, Software Application Developer

Sample Careers: Big Data Engineer, Machine Learning Engineer

STEM Outlook: There are strong math and engineering components to this profession. Individuals in this field have to have strong problem solving skills, and the ability to innovate. They add to and make software that has yet to be explored.

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Industrial

In this profession the goal is to eliminate wastefulness in the production processes. Efficient systems are integrated in choosing workers, machines, materials, information, and energy to make a product or provide a service.

Related areas: Web Development, Application Development, Front End Development

Sample Careers: Industrial Engineering Technician, Field Service Engineer

STEM Outlook: There are strong math and engineering components to this profession. Individuals in this field have to have strong problem solving skills, and the ability to innovate. They add to and make software that has yet to be explored.

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